National Library of Medicine                            

TITLE: Electromagnetic wave emitting products
and “Kikoh” potentiate human leukocyte functions.

AUTHOR: Niwa Y; Iizawa O; Ishimoto K; Jiang X; Kanoh T

AUTHOR AFFILIATION: Niwa Institute for Immunology, Tosashimizu, Japan

SOURCE: Int J Biometeorol 1993 Sep;37(3):133-8 NLM CIT. ID: 94011499


Tourmaline (electric stone, a type of granite stone), common granite stone, ceramic disks, hot spring
water and human palmar energy (called “Kikoh” in Japan and China), all which emit electromagnetic
radiation in the far infrared region (wavelength 4-14 microns).

These materials were thus examined for effects on human leukocyte activity and on lipid peroxidation
of unsaturated fatty acids. It was revealed that these materials significantly increased intracellular
calcium ion concentration, phagocytosis, and generation of reactive oxygen species in neutrophils,
and the blastogenetic response of lymphocytes to mitogens.

Chemotactic activity by neutrophils was also enhanced by exposure to tourmaline and the palm of
“Kikohshi” i.e., a person who heals professionally by the laying on of hands.

Despite the increase in reactive oxygen species generated by neutrophils, lipid peroxidation from
unsaturated fatty acid was markedly inhibited by these four materials.

The results suggest that materials emitting electromagnetic radiation in the far infrared range, which
are widely used in Japan for cosmetic, therapeutic, and preservative purposes, appear capable of
potentiating leukocyte functions without promoting oxidative injury.